Glossary

Anti-Pilling is a treatment applied to the garment to prevent pilling, or the formation of little balls of fabric due to wear.

Appliqué is a decoration or trim cut from one piece of fabric and stitched to another to add dimension and texture.

Armscye is the armhole; i.e. the fabric that the arm is attached to.

Backing is woven or non-woven material used underneath the item or fabric being embroidered to provide support and stability.

Digitizing is the modern term for punching, reflecting the computerized method of converting artwork into a series of commands to be read by an embroidery machine.

Dolman Sleeve is a sleeve set in to a low armscye (armhole), created by using a wider cut fabric at the shoulders than the wrist.

Oxford is a type of woven fabric with a basketweave structure and a lustrous aspect making it a popular fabric for dress shirts.  Varieties in the cloth are the plain Oxford, the pinpoint Oxford and the more formal, royal Oxford.

Placket is an opening in the upper part of trousers or skirts, or at the neck or sleeve of a garment.  In modern usage, the term placket often refers to the double layers of fabric that hold the buttons and buttonholes in a shirt.

Poplin, also called tabinet (or tabbinet), is a strong fabric in a plain weave of any fibre or blend, with crosswise ribs that typically gives a corded surface. In recent years, Poplin has come to be associated with 100% cotton shirts and it is commonly used for high quality garments.

Punching is the conversion of artwork into a series of commands to be read by an embroidery machine.  The term is derived from an early method of machine embroidery in which a part of the machine, called an automat, reads paper tapes, or Jacquards, punched with holes representing stitches, pantograph movements and other commands.

Tabinet – see Poplin

Yoke Back is the piece of fabric that connects the back of a garment to the shoulders. This allows the garment to lay flat.